Define accommodating monetary policy dating cum
He sees the international geopolitical environment in the late 1800’s as ‘a pile of explosives rolling about on the ground’, and given his belief that an explosion is imminent, he argues that Japan must rapidly revolutionize itself militarily and economically (Chōmin, 1984: 94-95).
Yet he is also aware of the difficulties of achieving this given Japan’s small size, and in an eerily prescient move, he recommends the invasion of ‘a large country…in Asia or in Africa, vast and rich in natural resources’ a not particularly subtle reference to China.
It is the concentration of power and decision making abilities that is seen as the cause of war by the Gentleman, and he cites Kant in contrasting this system, where ‘the sovereign has no concern over shedding citizens’ blood’, with a democracy, where the citizens, being the ones who bear the burden of disaster and damage, have little incentive to bear arms.
Or, to put it another way…’Despotic nations attempt to triumph over their neighbors by means of tangible force, and democratic nations by means of intangible ideas.’ (Chōmin, 1984: 85) What one is looking at here is an early manifestation of democratic peace theory, an empirically grounded concept of modern international relations, which claims that democracies do not go to war with each other.
Rather than seeing violence as intrinsic to international politics, he considers it the product of uncivilized political systems.
One can see here how imperialism was beginning to take hold as an idea in Japan.They take pleasure in giving vent to resentment and righteous indignation, and dislike stifling jurisprudence or complicated economics.’ (Chōmin, 1984: 108-109) The division ultimately boils down to a clash between those who value a reality driven by ideals and contemplation, versus those who place physicality, action and power above all else.The Champion rather bizarrely argues that in order to truly rid a country of its nostalgic faction, it is necessary to invade a foreign country, so that the mainland can be left to the lovers of novelty who may reform it as they please (Chōmin, 1984: 113-115).A major cause of the internal division that led ultimately to the restoration was Japan’s harsh exposure to the outside world with the arrival of Commodore Perry’s ominous gunboats in 1853, which essentially gave Japan no choice but to open itself to the West, albeit through a host of unequal treaties and statues that made the arrangement less than desirable.
This semi-colonial subordination drove Japan’s leaders to make their nation’s independence the cornerstone of their ruling strategy, and this was manifested in the ideals of ‘enriching the nation, strengthening the military’ (fukoku kyohei) and ‘civilization and enlightenment (bummei kaika) (Bowen, 1992: 59).
The Gentleman truly believes that the ‘child prodigy’ of Japan has the capacity to realize such a state of democratic neutrality (Chōmin, 1984: 88).